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The US Economy & Quantum Computing: Short-Term Headwinds, Long-Term Opportunities

Selling quantum computing proofs of concept is hard under good economic conditions. As the US (which is currently the largest market for quantum computing1) stares down a potential recession in quarter three or four of this year, the job of business development (BD) professionals in our industry is going to get harder.

But all things will pass with time. And while there are short-term headwinds facing the US market, long-term opportunities are already emerging.

We’ll explore both of those areas, starting with what’s near-term.

Short-Term Headwind One: Layoffs

The US tech sector has been hard-hit by layoffs in recent months. As of late June, 794 tech companies, including major employers like Google and Amazon, went through layoffs2.

The quantum computing industry can’t afford to ignore the impacts this will likely have on our industry. Because according to the New York Times, teams that are working on bleeding edge, non-revenue generating projects are the ones who are getting laid off first.

“The shifting economy and executive transitions away from founders have ushered in a new era, and employees wonder: Is their leader marching them to make their mark on the future, or right off a cliff?” – The Perils of Working on a C.E.O.’s Pet Project, New York Times3.

Image Credit: The New York Times

Getting laid off is a painful life event that’s linked to negative health outcomes4. In all likelihood, these lay-offs will have a chilling effect on the risk appetites of both the people who lead innovation efforts and those around them.

If you’re not sure if the company you’re targeting has been impacted by layoffs, check the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Tracker database5 to see if the company has reported that they’re going to layoff employees within the next two months or if they’ve already laid off employees. (Enacted in 1988, the WARN Act is a US, federal law6 mandating that businesses with more than 100 employees must notify the government 60 days before they’re going to have mass layoffs.)

Short-Term Headwind Two: Increased Interest in AI, which is Taking Resources Away from Quantum Computing

In a LinkedIn post from May7, Sergio Gago (Managing Director of AI/ML and Quantum at Moody’s Analytics) was one of the first people to call out how AI is getting increased attention compared to quantum computing.

In expanding on his LinkedIn post, Gago said:

  • “From our position in the financial industry we see how many corporates are switching their efforts to this new shiny toy, Generative AI. This is not a surprise since the vast majority of companies did not have relevant budgets for Quantum to start with as we found in our recent report, or they have not seen bottlenecks in their processes. Generative AI provides tangible results today so we see how innovation teams are pivoting towards that.

    At the same time, the question arises whether Quantum can do anything with Generative AI. We believe the answer is NO. These two technologies are in two completely separate horizons, and while it is possible that in the far future they could complement each other, today they belong to different fields.”

    Note: Gagos’ quote referred to the Moody’s Analytics report on “Quantum Computing in Financial Services: A Business Leader’s Guide,” which you can download here8.

In digging into the data, Gago’s right.

For instance, take a look at findings from Google Trends9 and IOT Analytics10:

  • Here’s data from Google9 comparing interest in quantum computing vs. AI between April and June of this year.

Image Credit: Google Trends

  • Among the US population, interest in AI surged in April and, even though it’s cycled up and down since then, the interest in AI is far higher than quantum computing. From a business leader standpoint, right now it makes more sense to invest in less risky projects, which gives AI an edge over quantum computing.
  • And in looking at data from a C-Suite perspective, IOT Analytics found a similar theme. After analyzing roughly 5,800 earnings calls and 3,000 public companies in Q4 2022 and Q1 2023, IOT Analytics found that quantum computing isn’t being talked about by CEOs10.

Image Credit: IOT Analytics Research

Short-Term Headwind Three: The Likelihood of a Recession in 2023

The Federal Reserve sets economic policy for the US and they’re intentional about what they say and how they say it, because the language Fed officials use has an immediate impact on markets. And they’re aware of their impact – in fact, the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas wrote a report about how communications from the Federal Open Markets Committee are analyzed with natural language processing11.

With that in mind, ING looked at guidance from the Federal Reserve and their prediction is that, “recessionary forces are building rapidly, which will lead to rising unemployment and inflation falling quickly through late 2023 into 2024.”12

If a recession hits, it’ll have wide-reaching impacts and decrease the appetite for quantum computing proofs of concept because of their high costs. (As a note for quantum computing startup leaders, here’s a LinkedIn post with industry-specific guidance on how to weather a recession13.)

Shifting Gears

The short-term outlook is bumpy, yet at the same time, layoffs and increasing interest in AI could create opportunities for quantum in the long-run.

Long-Term Opportunity One: Talent is Getting Redistributed

In an article from April, the Wall Street Journal reported that laid-off workers from large companies are changing their priorities; instead of looking for jobs with prestigious, brand-name businesses, those workers are now finding jobs with small to medium-sized companies because they offer more stability14.

The redistribution of highly skilled workers in new areas will mean that, as demand for quantum computing eventually grows, there’ll be more companies who have the in-house talent needed to tackle a quantum computing proof of concept.

Image Credit: The Wall Street Journal

Long-Term Opportunity Two: AI Will Open Doors for Quantum

In the World Economic Forum’s most recent Future of Jobs Report, one of their top five key findings was: “Within technology adoption, big data, cloud computing and AI feature highly on the likelihood of adoption.”15

As companies build out new capabilities, like AI, they’ll lay the ground work (such as upskilling their workforce16 and navigating change management17) that they’ll need to one day take on a quantum computing proof of concept.

Image Credit: World Economic Forum

Long-Term Opportunity Three: Quantum-Inspired Algorithms

Powered by AI chips, quantum-inspired algorithms are gaining consumer interest because of how they deliver increased performance without needing to be run on a quantum computer.

In a recent article for Reuters, industry leaders from SandBoxAQ and QCWare commented on how they’re using quantum-inspired algorithms to tackle chemistry problems on classical computers. In doing this, they’re bridging the gap between the promise of scalable, fault-tolerant quantum computers and the performance that’s available today18.

Moving Through the Changing BD Landscape

Closing a deal in the quantum computing industry has never been easy. In the coming months, it’s likely going to get harder and finding deals to close will be like finding diamonds in the rough: it can be done, but an even more thoughtful approach will be needed to close sales opportunities.

As a parting thought, how can the health of the industry be measured?

From a BD standpoint, the best way to gauge how companies are responding is to look at their financials.

Take financial reporting from Quantinuum19, Rigetti20, 21, and IonQ22, 23, for instance. All three companies have publicly available financial information, as shown in the graph below where all the figures are in the millions.

Between 2021 and 2022, all three companies had steady or increasing revenues. With that baseline data in mind, the most successful companies will refine their go-forward strategies to optimize resources, while finding short-term, revenue opportunities to weather impending storms. When quarterly reports for Q3 and Q4 2023 and annual reports for 2023 come out, quantitative and qualitative analysis can be done to see how each company has navigated the uncertainty of 2023 and how they’re positioning themselves to take advantage of emerging opportunities in the years to come.


  1. Zion Market Research. Quantum Computing Market Size, Share, Growth Report 2030. January 16, 2023.
  2. NerdWallet. Tech Layoffs Really Are Rising, and Here’s Why. June 23, 2023.
  3. The New York Times. The Perils of Working on a C.E.O.’s Pet Project. March 8, 2023.
  4. American Psychological Association. The Toll of Job Loss. October 1, 2020.
  5. WARN Tracker. Layoff Insights from Public Records.
  6. U.S. Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration Fact Sheet. The Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act. March 6, 2019.
  7. LinkedIn. Sergio Gago’s LinkedIn post. May 2023.
  8. Moody’s Analytics. Quantum Computing in Financial Services: A Business Leader’s Guide. 2023.
  9. Google Trends.,%2Fm%2F0mkz&hl=en
  10. IOT Analytics. What CEOs Talked About in Q1/2023: Economic Uncertainty, Layoffs, and the Rise of ChatGPT. April 5, 2023.
  11. Kansas City Federal Reserve. How You Say It Matters: Text Analysis of FOMC Statements Using Natural Language Processing.
  12. ING. Federal Reserve Preview: A Final Hike as US Recession Fears Mount. April 23, 2023.
  13. LinkedIn. Danika Hannon’s LinkedIn post. November 2022.
  14. The Wall Street Journal. As Tech Jobs Disappear, Silicon Valley Veterans Reset Their Careers: Laid-Off Workers from Companies Such as Meta and Amazon Choose Stability Over Status.
  15. World Economic Forum. Future of Jobs Report 2023. May 2023.
  16. Quantum Strategy Institute. Quantum Machine Learning: A Roadmap for Technologists. February 28, 2022.
  17. Quantum Strategy Institute. Becoming a Quantum Company: A Change Management Approach for Quantum Technologies & the Quantum Mindset. November 11, 2021.
  18. Reuters. Waiting for Quantum Computers to Arrive, Software Engineers Get Creative. April 17, 2023.
  19. Honeywell. Q4 2022 Earnings Release. February 2, 2023.
  20. Rigetti. Rigetti Computing Announces Financial Results for Fiscal Year 2021; Delivers 48% Year-over-Year Revenue Growth and Further Accelerates Business Momentum Through Technology Leadership. March 10, 2022.,for%20the%20fiscal%20year%202020
  21. Rigetti. Rigetti Computing Reports Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2022 Results. March 27, 2023.
  22. IonQ. IonQ Announces Full Year 2021 Financial Results and Provides Business Update. March 28, 2022.,as%20of%20December%2031%2C%202021
  23. IonQ. IonQ Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2022 Financial Results and Provides Business Update. March 30, 2023.
Jasmine Soori-Arachi Quantum Strategist Graphic (1)

Quantum Strategist Feature – Jasmine Soor Arachi

1. Tell us about the first time you heard about quantum?
The first time I heard about Quantum was in 1995, when I read a book by American Physicist and Nobel Laureate Murray Gell-Man called the Quark and the Jaguar. It completely disrupted my paradigm of what reality is and anchored in a curiosity and passion for “quantum” that burns bright to this very day. (Please see this online review of the Quark and the Jaguar from Physics Today in 1994.)

2. What made you interested in this space?
My desire to understand how everything in the universe operates at the most minute level, which informs the fabric of reality, inspired this interest.

3. What are you excited to see happening with quantum?
Biology was my best subject in high school and it prompted me to study Pre-Med for a year before I became obsessed with Linguistics, so I would have to say advances in quantum biology and discoveries in the domain of quantum consciousness. I am excited to see how quantum computing, quantum sensors, and nanotechnology can cast a brighter light on the nature of consciousness and its connections to neurobiology.

4. What do you think everyone should know about this industry?
Besides programming eye tracking experiments as an undergrad and graduating cum Laude in Psycholinguistics, much of my life was spent in the Arts before I moved into mentoring on High Performance and Innovation, so I strongly think anyone who is curious should explore quantum full out because quantum is for EVERYONE!

In addition, I feel with my background in Humanities (as opposed to traditional STEM education) that it is my role as a quantum adoption strategist to lower the barrier to learning about Quantum computing and quantum technologies by directing the curious to the experts I most admire and closely follow.


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